This remote upland landscape occupies the
westerly slopes of the Berwyn Mountains which divide North from
Ref number: HLW (C) 3
Os Map: Landranger 125
Unitary authority: Denbighshire (Powys)
The area comprises tracts of rolling moorland pasture lying to
the south east of the Dee valley, overlooking Llandrillo and
towards the Snowdonian massif beyond in the west.
On the east side of the area, the central ridge of the Berwyn
Mountains reaches a height of 827m at the summits of Cader Berwyn
and Moel Sych, but westwards the ground slopes gradually in a
series of ridges, before dropping steeply into Cwm Pennant which
adjoins the area on the west.
In recent years, a combination of aerial photography and
archaeological fieldwork has revealed a well-preserved relict
landscape of historical agriculture, comprising extensive areas of
field systems extending for over 3km above Cwm Pennant. The banks,
ditches, enclosures and habitation sites of these field systems are
believed to be variously of prehistoric and medieval origin.
A full published description for this landscape area is
available as a pdf download within the Related Articles section
Principal area designations:
The greater part of the area is within Berwyn National Nature
Reserve and Berwyn Site of Special Scientific Interest.
Contents and significance:
An upland area situated above the Dee valley on the western side
of the Berwyn Mountains, containing extensive and well-preserved
relict evidence of land use from the prehistoric, medieval and
later periods, including Bronze Age settlements, field systems and
groups of ritual stone monuments overlain in parts by medieval and
later habitation sites and field systems, the whole having a
significant potential for further study and representing one of the
best preserved landscapes of its type in central Wales.